In Cameroon, the prevalence of smoking is high, with 1,100,000 adults who are tobacco users, i.e., 8.9% and 7,000,000 people who are victims of passive smoking in public places. Among young people, the prevalence is 10.1% or 300,000 smokers aged between 13 and 15 years. According to health authorities, smoking is responsible for 66,000 deaths a year in Cameroon. According to the WHO 2022 report on progress in the fight against NCDs, Cameroon has 74,100 annual deaths linked to non-transmissible diseases (NCDs), of which tobacco is one of the main contributory factors. This situation represents a real burden for the national healthcare system.